Despite decades of significant advances in health and health care, progress has provided unequal and inequitable benefits. Low and middle-income countries (LMICs) continue to have worse health outcomes than high-income countries, and underrepresented populations within high-income countries continue to be underserved by modern medicine1. Moreover, while many health conditions have inexpensive and accessible interventions, many health systems in the Global South and other regions have a limited capacity for screening and diagnosis, leaving patients with easily treatable conditions without life-improving or life-saving treatment.
The development of affordable, rapid, and easy-to-use point-of-care (POC) devices has the potential to extend the reach of health systems to these patients. These devices have the potential to help physicians to screen and diagnose patients at the point of care instead of at medical facilities or laboratories, which may not be accessible. Technological improvements have allowed these devices to become increasingly inexpensive, small and lightweight, robust, easy to use, and accurate, spurring the development of a global POC market2.
However, implementing low-cost versions of the current dominant technologies is unlikely to effectively address these challenges. There are several reasons for this:
In this collection, we are interested in research or implementations of point-of-care monitoring technologies in low-resource settings. In particular, we are interested in systems that are focused on the specific needs of the target populations. The scope of the focus issue includes (but is not limited to):
Authors are encouraged to address cost and ethical issues as well as technological issues.
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Please submit your manuscript before 31 December 2023.
Mendis S, Davis S, Norrving B. Organizational Update: the World Health Organization Global Status Report on Noncommunicable Diseases 2014; One More Landmark Step in the Combat Against Stroke and Vascular Disease. Stroke. 2015 May;46(5):e121-2. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.008097. Epub 2015 Apr 14. PMID: 25873596.
Feiner JR, Severinghaus JW, Bickler PE. Dark skin decreases the accuracy of pulse oximeters at low oxygen saturation: the effects of oximeter probe type and gender. Anesth Analg. 2007 Dec;105(6 Suppl):S18-S23. doi: 10.1213/01.ane.0000285988.35174.d9. PMID: 18048893.
Supported by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) under NIH grant number R01EB030362.